Day 147 June 15, 2011 - History

Day 147 June 15, 2011 - History

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9:45AM THE PRESIDENT receives the Presidential Daily Briefing

Oval Office

2:00PM THE PRESIDENT and THE VICE PRESIDENT receive an economic briefing

Oval Office

4:30PM THE PRESIDENT and THE VICE PRESIDENT meet with Secretary Gates

Oval Office

5:35PM THE PRESIDENT hosts military fathers and their children for a screening of Cars 2 from Disney Pixar South Court Auditorium

6:00PM THE PRESIDENT meets with senior advisors

7:00PM THE PRESIDENT and FIRST LADY host Congressional Picnic at the White House; THE VICE PRESIDENT also attends

South Lawn

JPMorgan Chase & Co. (JPM)

Halper Sadeh LLP, a global investor rights law firm, announces it is investigating the following companies:

Place A Bag On Your Car Mirror When Traveling

Brilliant Car Cleaning Hacks Local Dealers Wish You Didn’t Know

Goldman Begins Trading on JPMorgan’s Repo Blockchain Network

(Bloomberg) -- Goldman Sachs Group Inc. has joined the blockchain-based network created by JPMorgan Chase & Co. for repurchase agreements that use smart contracts and a digitized version of the U.S. dollar.Its first trade came on June 17, when it swapped a tokenized version of a U.S. Treasury bond for JPMCoin, JPMorgan’s internal representation of a digital dollar, according to Mathew McDermott, global head of digital assets for Goldman’s global markets division. He declined to give the value of

JPMorgan (JPM) Announces Acquisition of Campbell Global

JPMorgan (JPM) announces a deal with Campbell Global as it seeks to provide ESG-related investment opportunities and also impact the transition to a low-carbon economy.

Lifshitz Law Firm, P.C. Announces Investigation of FBNC, INDB, INSW, and RAVN

NEW YORK, NY / ACCESSWIRE / June 22, 2021 /First Bancorp (NasdaqGS:FBNC)Lifshitz Law Firm, P. announces investigation into possible breach of fiduciary duties in connection with the sale of SLCT to FBNC.

J. P. Morgan Asset Management Snaps up Campbell Global

With a focus on the low-carbon economy and ESG focused investment opportunities, JPMorgan Chase & Co’s (JPM) asset management unit J. P. Morgan Asset Management, has acquired Campbell Global. The acquisition is expected to close in Q3. Oregon-based Campbell Global is a forest management and timberland investing company. It has AUM of $5.3 billion and oversees 1.7 million acres globally. The acquisition is expected to make J. P. Morgan a key player for thriving forests worldwide, and the company

Mom's Payback - She Bought Neighbor's Property

After so much drama and many police visits, she got the upper hand. Who would’ve thought that a small piece of paper has such power?

Will JPMorgan Chase's Consumer Banking Foray in the U.K. Pay Off?

JPMorgan is preparing to launch a digital bank in the United Kingdom and recently acquired the U.K. wealth manager Nutmeg Saving and Investment Limited.

JPMorgan Chase Is Preparing for Inflationary Risks: Here's How You Can Prepare Your Portfolio

CEO Jamie Dimon said the company has been "stockpiling" cash to prepare for rising interest rates. Here's what you can do to prepare your portfolio for potential inflation.

NetApp Acquires Data Mechanics to Accelerate Spot Roadmap and Optimize Data Analytics and Machine Learning Workloads in the Cloud

SUNNYVALE, Calif., Jun 22, 2021--NetApp® (NASDAQ: NTAP), a global, cloud-led, data-centric software company, today announced that it has acquired Data Mechanics, a managed platform provider for big data processing and cloud analytics with offices in Paris, France, that helps businesses capitalize on Apache Spark, an open-source unified analytics engine for large-scale data processing and machine learning, in Kubernetes. Financial details of the transaction were not disclosed.

U.S. Firm GlobalFoundries Invests $4 Billion in Singapore Chip Plant

(Bloomberg) -- GlobalFoundries Inc. will build a $4 billion chipmaking plant in Singapore slated to start in 2023, choosing Asia for the site of its latest expansion despite Biden administration calls to bring home semiconductor manufacturing.The U.S.-based company joins rivals from Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. to Samsung Electronics Co. that are expanding capacity to help address a persistent shortfall of chips for everything from cars to smartphones. GlobalFoundries -- which is prepp

JPMorgan Chase & Co. (JPM) Outpaces Stock Market Gains: What You Should Know

In the latest trading session, JPMorgan Chase & Co. (JPM) closed at $150.43, marking a +1.7% move from the previous day.

Bumble Employees Awarded Week of Vacation to De-Stress

(Bloomberg) -- Bumble Inc., the dating and relationship app where women have to make the first move, temporarily closed its offices this week, giving its about 700 employees a “much needed break” to recover from Covid burnout.With coronavirus-induced restrictions now largely lifted across the country, companies are taking different approaches to retain staff and boost productivity. Some expect a full return to office while others are offering a more flexible approach.Corporations such as Goldman

JPMorgan Asset-Management Arm Buys $5.3 Billion Forest Investor

(Bloomberg) -- JPMorgan Chase & Co.’s asset-management arm agreed to purchase Campbell Global LLC, which focuses on timberland and natural resources and has $5.3 billion in investments, as the bank bets on the growth of carbon-offset markets.Campbell Global, part of BrightSphere Investment Group, manages more than 1.7 million acres (690,000 hectares) worldwide with 150-plus employees, the companies said Monday in a statement. All of the firm’s employees will remain with Campbell, which will stay

J.P. Morgan Asset Management Acquires Timberland Investment Firm

The money manager wants to become a major player in forest carbon markets.

Is The Biggest Bank Stock By Market Cap A Buy As Fed's Rate-Hike Appetite Grows?

JPMorgan stock cleared a base this month, but the Fed signaled it may soon re-evaluate emergency measures from the pandemic.

J.P. Morgan Asset Management Acquires Campbell Global, a Leading Player in Forest Management and Timberland Investing

In an effort to directly impact the transition to a low-carbon economy and provide ESG-minded investment opportunities related to climate, conservation and biodiversity, J.P. Morgan Asset Management has acquired Forest Management and Timberland Investing company, Campbell Global, LLC. The terms of the deal with Campbell Global's parent company, BrightSphere Investment Group, were not disclosed. The acquisition does not impact current investment strategies for Campbell Global clients.

Buyout Group Nears $5.3 Billion Deal for China’s 51job

(Bloomberg) -- An investor group led by DCP Capital Partners agreed to take 51job Inc. private in a transaction valuing the Chinese recruitment firm at about $5.7 billion.The consortium, which also includes buyout firm Ocean Link Partners and 51job co-founder and Chief Executive Officer Rick Yan, reached a deal to buy the New York-listed company for $79.05 cash per American depositary share, according to a statement Monday. The bid is 5.9% more than 51job’s Friday close.The offer represents a 28

SHAREHOLDER INVESTIGATION: Halper Sadeh LLP Investigates INSW, CADE, KIM, KNL Shareholders are Encouraged to Contact the Firm

NEW YORK, June 21, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Halper Sadeh LLP, a global investor rights law firm, announces it is investigating the following companies: International Seaways, Inc. (NYSE: INSW) concerning potential violations of the federal securities laws and/or breaches of fiduciary duties relating to its merger with Diamond S Shipping Inc. Upon completion of the merger, International Seaways shareholders are expected to own approximately 55.75% of the combined company. If you are an Internatio

China Calls Top Banks to a Meeting to Reinforce Crypto Ban

(Bloomberg) -- China summoned officials from its biggest banks to a meeting to reiterate a ban on cryptocurrency services.Representatives from Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Ltd., Agricultural Bank of China Ltd. and payment service provider Alipay were reminded of rules that prohibit Chinese banks from engaging in crypto-related transactions, according to a statement from the central bank on Monday.The latest development is a sign that China will do whatever it takes to close any loopho

JPMorgan, Costco, Oracle, FedEx and Nike are part of Zacks Earnings Preview

JPMorgan, Costco, Oracle, FedEx and Nike are part of Zacks Earnings Preview

Lifshitz Law Firm, P.C. Announces Investigation of FBNC, INDB, INSW, and USCR

NEW YORK, NY / ACCESSWIRE / June 18, 2021 / Lifshitz Law Firm, P.:First Bancorp (NASDAQ:FBNC)Lifshitz Law Firm, P.

Health care companies should ➾ held accountable for cost containment': EY Americas exec

Businesses have been struggling to reign in health care expenses for years - to no avail. Buy-in from the health industry is necessary to achieve the goal.

JPMorgan (JPM) Acquires Leading UK Robo Wealth Manager Nutmeg

JPMorgan (JPM) buys Nutmeg, one of the leading robo advisory firms in the U.K., as part of plans to establish a retail banking presence in the nation.

Bank Stocks Were Fed Day Winners. Why They’re Getting Crushed.

Bank stocks were one of the few groups to rise following Wednesday's FOMC surprise. They're Thursday's biggest losers.

CEOs are getting sick of staff working from home

A UBS survey of UK and European senior leaders found a rising proportion want to get staff back to the office full-time.

The almanac

Today is Saturday, June 15, the 166th day of 2013 with 199 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Neptune and Uranus. Evening stars are Mercury, Saturn and Venus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include Prince Edward of England, son of Edward III and known as the "Black Prince," in 1330 Norwegian composer Edvard Grieg in 1843 composer/orchestra leader David Rose in 1910 artist Saul Steinberg in 1914 pianist Erroll Garner in 1921 U.S. Rep. Morris Udall, D-Ariz., in 1922 former New York Gov. Mario Cuomo in 1932 (age 81) country singer Waylon Jennings in 1937 baseball Hall of Fame members Billy Williams in 1938 (age 75) and Wade Boggs in 1958 (age 55) singer/songwriter Harry Nilsson in 1941 Indian businessman Lakshmi Mittal in 1950 (age 63) and actors Jim Varney in 1949, Jim Belushi in 1954 (age 59), Julie Hagerty in 1955 (age 58), Helen Hunt in 1963 (age 50), Courteney Cox in 1964 (age 49) and Neil Patrick Harris in 1973 (age 40).

In 1215, under pressure from rebellious barons, England's King John signed the Magna Carta, a crucial first step toward creating Britain's constitutional monarchy.

In 1752, Benjamin Franklin, in a dangerous experiment, demonstrated the relationship between lightning and electricity by flying a kite during a storm in Philadelphia. An iron key suspended from the kite string attracted a lightning bolt.

In 1785, two Frenchmen attempting to cross the English Channel in a hot-air balloon were killed when their balloon caught fire and crashed. It was the first fatal aviation accident.

In 1836, Arkansas was admitted to the union as the 25th U.S. state.

In 1846, the U.S.-Canadian border was established.

In 1877, Henry Ossian Flipper, born a slave in Thomasville, Ga., became the first African-American cadet to graduate from West Point.

In 1904, the excursion steamboat "General Slocum" caught fire on the East River in New York, killing 1,121 people.

In 1944, U.S. forces invaded the Japanese-occupied Mariana Islands in World War II action. By day's end, a beachhead had been established on the island of Saipan.

In 1987, Richard Norton of Philadelphia and Calin Rosetti of West Germany completed the first polar circumnavigation of Earth in a single-engine propeller aircraft, landing in Paris after a 38,000-mile flight.

In 1996, 206 people were injured when a bomb exploded in a mall in Manchester, England.

In 1999, South Korean ships sank a North Korean torpedo boat, killing all aboard. The incident followed a series of confrontations in disputed territorial waters.

In 2004, a U.S. Army general suspended after prisoner abuse was revealed at a Baghdad prison said she was ordered to treat prisoners like dogs. Brig Gen. Janis Karpinski said she was being made a scapegoat for the scandal.

In 2007, a Mississippi jury convicted a reputed Ku Klux Klansman in the abductions and killings of two black teenagers 43 years earlier.

In 2009, Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu expressed public support for the first time for a Palestinian state.

In 2011, U.S. Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, D-Ariz., shot in the head in a Jan. 8 assassination attempt at a Tucson political meeting, was released from a Houston rehabilitation hospital.

In 2012, the U.S. government announced an executive order by President Barack Obama would allow hundreds of thousands of undocumented immigrants who came to the United States as children to legally seek work permits and obtain documents such as driver's licenses. Obama called it "a temporary stopgap measure" that lifted "the shadow of deportation from these young people."

A thought for the day: Saul Steinberg said, "Questions are fiction and answers are anything from more fiction to science fiction."

When The U.S. Paid Off The Entire National Debt (And Why It Didn't Last)

On Jan. 8, 1835, all the big political names in Washington gathered to celebrate what President Andrew Jackson had just accomplished. A senator rose to make the big announcement: "Gentlemen . the national debt . is PAID."

That was the one time in U.S. history when the country was debt free. It lasted exactly one year.

By 1837, the country would be in panic and headed into a massive depression. We'll get to that, but first let's figure out how Andrew Jackson did the impossible.

It helps to remember that debt was always a choice for America. After the revolution, the founding fathers debated whether or not to just wipe clean all those financial promises made during the war.

Deciding to default "would have ruined our credit and would have left the economy on a very agricultural, subsistence basis," says Robert E. Wright, a professor at Augustana College in South Dakota.

So the U.S. agreed early on to consolidate the debts of all the states — $75 million.

During the good times, the country tried to pay down the debt. Then there would be another war, and the debt would go up again. The politicians never liked the debt.

"What the battle was really about was how quickly to pay off the national debt, not whether to pay it off or not," Wright says.

But, just like today, it wasn't easy for politicians to slash spending — until Andrew Jackson came along.

"For Andrew Jackson, politics was very personal," says H.W. Brands, an Andrew Jackson biographer at the University of Texas. "He hated not just the federal debt. He hated debt at all."

Before he was president, Jackson was a land speculator in Tennessee. He learned to hate debt when a land deal went bad and left him with massive debt and some worthless paper notes.

So when Jackson ran for president, he knew his enemy: banks and the national debt. He called it the national curse. People ate it up.

In Jackson's mind, debt was "a moral failing," Brands says. "And the idea you could somehow acquire stuff through debt almost seemed like black magic."

So Jackson decided to pay off the debt.

To do that, he took advantage of a huge real-estate bubble that was raging in the Western U.S. The federal government owned a lot of Western land — and Jackson started selling it off.

He was also ruthless on the budget. He blocked every spending bill he could.

"He vetoed, for example, programs to build national highways," Brands says. "He considered these to be unconstitutional in the first place, but bad policy in the second place."

When Jackson took office, the national debt was about $58 million. Six years later, it was all gone. Paid off. And the government was actually running a surplus, taking in more money than it was spending.

That created a new problem: What to do with all that surplus money?

Jackson had already killed off the national bank (which he hated more than debt). So he couldn't put the money there. He decided to divide the money among the states.

But, according to economic historian John Steele Gordon, the party didn't last for long.

The state banks went a little crazy. They were printing massive amounts of money. The land bubble was out of control.

Andrew Jackson tried to slow everything down by requiring that all government land sales needed to be done with gold or silver. Bad idea.

"It was a huge crash, and the beginning of the longest depression in American history," Gordon says. "It actually lasted six years before the economy began to grow again."

Calendars | Roman Calendars

Month Latin name Kalends Nones Ides
January Ianuarius 1 5 13
February Februarius 1 5 13
March Martius 1 7 15
April Aprilis 1 5 13
May Maius 1 7 15
June Iunius 1 5 13
July Iulius 1 7 15
August Augustus 1 5 13
September September 1 5 13
October October 1 7 15
November November 1 5 13
December December 1 5 13

If you find this view confusing, try Julian Dates, which is another table showing the dates of the Julian calendar, but in a different format.

World War II: The Allied Invasion of Europe

Starting with the Invasion of Sicily in July of 1943, and culminating in the June 6, 1944, D-Day invasion of Normandy, Allied forces took the fight to the Axis powers in many locations across Western Europe. The push into Italy began in Sicily, but soon made it to the Italian mainland, with landings in the south. The Italian government (having recently ousted Prime Minister Benito Mussolini) quickly signed an armistice with the Allies -- but German forces dug in and set up massive defensive lines across Italy, prepared to halt any armed push to the north. After several major offensives, the Allies broke through and captured Rome on June 4, 1944. Two days later on D-Day, the largest amphibious invasion in history took place. Nearly 200,000 Allied troops boarded 7,000 ships and more than 3,000 aircraft and headed toward Normandy. Some 156,000 troops landed on the French beaches , 24,000 by air and the rest by sea, where they met stiff resistance from well-defended German positions across 50 miles of French coastline. After several days of intense warfare, Allied troops gained tenuous holds on several beaches, and they were able to dig in with reinforcements and bombardment. By the end of June, Allies were in firm control of Normandy, and on August 25, Paris was liberated by the French Resistance with help from the French Forces of the Interior and the U.S. 4th Infantry Division. In September, the Allies launched another major invasion, Operation Market Garden, the largest airborne operation of its time, in which tens of thousands of troops descended on the Netherlands by parachute and glider. Though the landings were successful, troops on the ground were unable to take and hold their targets, including bridges across the Rhine River. Despite that setback, by late 1944, the Allies had successfully established a Western Front and were preparing to advance on Germany. (This entry is Part 16 of a weekly 20-part retrospective of World War II)

While under attack of heavy machine gun fire from the German coastal defense forces, American soldiers wade ashore off the ramp of a U.S. Coast Guard landing craft, during the Allied landing operations at Normandy, France on D-Day, June 6, 1944. #

In July of 1943, Allied Forces' troops, guns and transport are rushed ashore, ready for action, at the opening of the Allied invasion of the Italian island of Sicily. #

During the invasion of Sicily by Allied forces, an American cargo ship, loaded with ammunition, explodes after being hit by a bomb from a German plane off Gela, on the southern coast of Sicily, on July 31, 1943. #

Over the body of a dead comrade, Canadian infantrymen advance cautiously up a narrow lane in Campochiaro, Italy, on November 11, 1943. The Germans left the town as the Canadians advanced, leaving only nests of snipers to delay the progress. #

A Royal Air Force Baltimore light bomber drops a series of bombs during an attack on the railway station and junction at the snow-covered town of Sulmona, a strategic point on the east-west route across Italy, in February of 1944. #

German infantrymen take cover in a house in southern Italy, on February 6, 1944, awaiting the word to attack after Stukas had done their work. #

Artillery observers of the Fifth Army look over the German-held Italian town of San Vittore, on November 1, 1943, before an artillery barrage to dislodge the Germans. #

Desolation in the Italian city of Cassino in May of 1944, the day after the city's capture by the Allies. Hangman's Hill is shown in the background, scene of bitter fighting during the long and bitter siege of the stronghold. #

A U.S. reconnaissance unit searches for enemy snipers in Messina, Sicily, on August 1943. #

An Italian woman kisses the hand of a soldier of the U.S. Fifth Army after troops move into Naples in their invasion and advance northward in Italy, on October 10, 1943. #

U.S. soldiers march past the historical Roman Colosseum and follow their retreating enemy in Rome, Italy, on June 5, 1944. #

Lt. Gen. Lucian K. Truscott, Jr., commanding general of the Fifth Army in Italy, talks to African American troops of the 92nd Infantry Division after they threw back a German attack in the hills north of Viareggio, Italy in 1944. #

Mt. Vesuvius spewing ash into the sky, erupting as a U.S. Army jeep speeds by shortly after the arrival of the Allied forces in Naples, Italy in 1944. #

A low-flying Allied plane sends German soldiers running for shelter on a beach in France, before D-Day in 1944. The fliers were taking photos of German coastal barriers in preparation for the upcoming June 6 invasion. #

General Dwight D. Eisenhower gives the order of the Day. "Full victory - nothing else" to paratroopers in England on June 6, 1944, just before they board their airplanes to participate in the first assault in the invasion of the continent of Europe. All of the men with General Eisenhower are members of Company E, 502d. #

American troops march through the streets of a British port town on their way to the docks where they will be loaded into landing craft for the D-Day assault in June of 1944. #

U.S. Rangers on a troop ship in an English port waiting for the signal to sail to the coast of Normandy. Clockwise, starting from far left, is First Sergeant Sandy Martin, who was killed during the landing, Technician Fifth Grade Joseph Markovich, Corporal John Loshiavo, and at bottom, Private First Class Frank E. Lockwood. #

A section of the Armada of Allied landing craft with their protective barrage balloons head toward the French coast, in June of 1944. #

Smoke streams from a U.S. coast guard landing craft approaching the French Coast on June 6, 1944 after German machine gun fire caused an explosion by setting off an American soldier's hand grenade. #

Canadian soldiers land on Courseulles Beach in Normandy, on June 6, 1944 as Allied forces storm the Normandy beaches on D-Day, June 6, 1944. #

Some of the first assault troops to hit the beachhead in Normandy, France take cover behind enemy obstacles to fire on German forces as others follow the first tanks plunging through the water towards the German-held shore on June 6, 1944. #

U.S. reinforcements wade through the surf as they land at Normandy in the days following the Allies' June 1944 D-Day invasion of France. #

Members of an American landing party help others whose landing craft was sunk by enemy action of the coast of France. These survivors reached Omaha Beach by using a life raft on June 6, 1944. #

Canadian soldiers from 9th Brigade land with their bicycles at Juno Beach in Bernieres-sur-Mer during D-Day, while Allied forces were storming the Normandy beaches. #

American soldiers on Omaha Beach recover the dead after the June 6, 1944, D-Day invasion of France. #

Thirteen liberty ships, deliberately scuttled to form a breakwater for invasion vessels landing on the Normandy beachhead lie in line off the beach, shielding the ships in shore. The artificial harbor installation was prefabricated and towed across the Channel in 1944. #

Allied troops unload equipment and supplies on Omaha Beach in Normandy, France, in early June of 1944. #

Tow planes and gliders above the French countryside during the Normandy invasion in June of 1944, at an objective of the U.S. Army Ninth Air Force. Gliders and two planes are circling and many gliders have landed in fields below. #

This image may contain graphic or objectionable content.

An American soldier, who died in combat during the Allied invasion, lies on the beach of the Normandy coast, in the early days of June 1944. Two crossed rifles in the sand next to his body are a comrade's last reverence. The wooden structure on the right, normally veiled by high tide water, was an obstruction erected by the Germans to prevent seaborne landings. #

Reinforcements for initial allied invaders of France, long lines of troops and supply trucks begin their march on June 18, 1944, in Normandy. #

American dead lie in a French field, a short distance from the allied beachhead in France on June 20, 1944. #

American soldiers race across a dirt road, which is under enemy fire, near St. Lo, in Normandy, France, on July 25, 1944. Others crouch in the ditch before making the crossing. #

This image may contain graphic or objectionable content.

An American soldier lies dead beside water pump, killed by a German booby trap set in the pump in a French village on the Cherbourg Peninsula, on June 18, 1944. #

These five Germans were wounded and left without food or water for three days, hiding in a Normandy farmhouse waiting for a chance to surrender. Acting on information received from a French couple, U.S. soldiers went to the barn only to be attacked by snipers who seemed determined upon preventing their comrades from falling into Allied hands. After a skirmish, the snipers were dealt with and the wounded Germans taken captive, in France on June 14, 1944. #

This image may contain graphic or objectionable content.

The dead German soldier in this June 1944 photo was one of the "last stand" defenders of German-held Cherbourg. Captain Earl Topley, right, who led one of the first American units into the city on June 27, said the German had killed three of his men. #

Helmets discarded by German prisoners, who were taken to a prison camp, in a field in Normandy, France in 1944. #

In the sky above the Netherlands, American tow planes with gliders strung out behind them fly high over windmill in Valkenswaard, near Eindhoven, on their way to support airborne army in Holland, on September 25, 1944. #

Parachutes open as waves of paratroops land in Holland during operations by the 1st Allied Airborne Army in September of 1944. Operation Market Garden was the largest airborne operation in history, with some 15,000 troops were landing by glider and another 20,000 by parachute. #

The haystack at right would have softened the landing for this paratrooper who took a tumble during operations in Holland by the 1st Allied Airborne Army on September 24, 1944. #

In France, an American officer and a French Resistance fighter are seen engaged in a street battle with German occupation forces during the days of liberation, August 1944, in an unknown city. #

People try to cross a damaged bridge in Cherbourg, France on July 27, 1944. #

An American version of a sidewalk cafe, in fallen La Haye du Puits, France on July 15, 1944, as Robert McCurty, left, from Newark, New Jersey, Sgt. Harold Smith, of Brush Creek, Tennessee, and Sgt. Richard Bennett, from Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania, raise their glasses in a toast. #

A view from a hilltop overlooking the road leading into St. Lo in July of 1944. Two French children in the foreground watch convoys and trucks of equipment go through their almost completely destroyed city en route to the front. #

Crowds of Parisians celebrating the entry of Allied troops into Paris scatter for cover as a sniper fires from a building on the place De La Concorde. Although the Germans surrendered the city, small bands of snipers still remained. August 26, 1944. #

After the French Resistance staged an uprising on August 19, American and Free French troops made a peaceful entrance on August 25, 1944. Here, four days later, soldiers of Pennsylvania's Twenty-eighth Infantry Division march along the Champs-Elysees, with the Arc de Triomphe in the background. #

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The Aftermath

For days afterward, bodies would wash ashore. Only 321 passengers survived from a total of 1,358 passengers. The final death count totaled 1,021. The next largest death toll in the United States would come decades later with 2,974 dead from 9/11.

There would be miracle stories of survivors for the lucky few and heartbreak for those who lost loved ones. It was widely reported that Captain William Henry Van Schaick would not bring the ship to shore for insurance reasons. Instead, Van Schaick steered the burning ship to North Brother Island. Van Schaick would testify that gas tanks and lumber yards made landing near 130th Street, close to the Bronx, dangerous.

Back to School- The First Day in First Grade.

Would you be able to share your normal schedule in an editable format? I really like it!

One of my awesome team members created my normal lesson plan format so I will have to ask her if it's OK to share!

Wow! I love you. That is all. Haha - but seriously, thanks so much for posting all of this! First Day Jitters is my favorite book ever, and I read it to my kindergarteners every year. Usually about 2 of them "get it" and I have to explain why it's so funny to the rest of them. Hehe! Would you be able to send an editable form of your regular lesson plans to me, too? [email protected] Thanks!!

Thank you for sharing these ideas. I love hearing what other teachers do on the first day to get some fresh ideas. I especially love, love, love your "hall heads". I'm definetely putting that in my plans for the first day.

Ooh, and if you can send me an editable lesson plan for too, I'd love it!

Thanks so much for the cute printables! Adding a border just makes it better, don'tcha think?

Do you leave the hall heads up all year and just change the writing piece? I love the idea.

Hi Anna, if your teammate is willing to share will you post or e-mail the editable format for your plans. If she is willing to lend it I would love to have it before I start my plans! It looks AWESOME. THanks!
[email protected]

YES! I will post them here if she gives me permission:)

Kristina-YES! I leave them up all year long & change out their work every couple of weeks!

LOVE IT! I am saving it all! I would love to see your lesson plan template in word or adobe.

I love the hall heads idea! Very cute. I may have to try that this year. I really like the lesson plan format too. I've tried everything and created my own but nothing that simple and streamlined. I hope that you team mate doesn't mind sharing!

Thanks for all the downloads and ideas, Anna! Love the graphing on the Smart Board.

Thank you for the great ideas! I wish I had a SmartBoard for the graphs!! Could you explain the "Name Game" again? I'm not sure what is involved but it would be a fun first day game!
[email protected]

Thank you for all the wonderful first day activities!

For the "Wall Heads" do you just trace a circle on poster board and cut them out? I can't zoom in on the picture to see, so can you tell me how you make them. love the idea!m

Wow! Thanks! Can you please tell me how you get Google Docs to keep your formatting when you post to blogspot? Mine messes up everytime! (I'm a newbie.) Thanks :)

Wow! Thanks for sharing. Very detailed and will definitely be adding some of your ideas to my first days of school!

Thanks for sharing! I always love seeing other teacher's ideas and schedule for the first day. Even though this will be my sixth year teaching, I still get nervous on the first day! :) Thanks again!
Lacey Wolf

Thank you for sharing these great ideas, I can't wait to use them! Can you please tell me where you got the polka dot border for the first day in first grade writing?

Love these ideas! Very clever !

Thanks for sharing your fun ideas! I'm looking forward to using the "Grab a Question" game during our carpet time :)

This is fantastic! Your students are very lucky, thank you for the downloads :) I love the "hallway heads", I need to figure out where I could incorporate this.

Wow! Thanks for sharing. I do lots of similar first day activities, and I really appreciate you providing the sample writing papers. I have my kiddos bring a "jitter critter" - small stuffed animal to school on the first day, and they love it.

You have NO idea how much this post has helped me! I will be a new teacher this fall, teaching in my dream career. first grade! :) But I definitely have major "jitters" going on which may or may not be accompanied by nightly stress dreams about the first day of school! )

Anyway, thank you, thank you for this post! It has helped me a TON!

This is all awesome! You rock! :)

Thank you so much for sharing all of your wonderful ideas and inspiration.

This will be my first year teaching first grade! I am super excited to you your plans!!

Wonderful ideas. Thank you for sharing

I just posted them on my pinterest board. )

Thank you for sharing your ideas! It is fun to see what other first grade teachers plan to do for the first days of school!

Awesome activities. Thanks so much for sharing.

Thank you for the wonderful ideas! I noticed that your lesson plan mentioned the SMART BOARD activity "Following/Not Following Rules". DO you happen to have that link or file? I'd really love to see it! THat would be a great activity after going over the rules. THanks.
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I really love everything you have shared. Thanks! Is it possible that you could make the August 10 lesson plan downloadable?
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The Smartboard is something I created, but it's on my school computer! It's nothing fancy, but I'll try to see how I go about sharing it here??

I'd be more than happy to make by Back to School lesson plans downloadable. check back tomorrow:)

Thanks for all of your sweet comments everyone.

You are so amazing. Thanks for sharing such wonderful ideas in an easy-to-understand way :) Have a blessed school year!

Fantastic! I am not able to print anything- I just get the screen shot and not the actual document. :(

Go to the left side & click on file. Then click on download original. Let me know if that works!!

Thanks for checking out my blog!!

Love your ideas! I use some of the same books at the beginning of the year, but you've got some ideas that I hadn't thought of. Thank you so much for sharing!
A Day in First Grade

Love the writing paper! Thanks so much for sharing! Getting excited for the 1st day! :)

WOW! I am amazed at all your great things. Thank you for sharing all your FABULOUS ideas!!

Where do you get all the borders for your pages?

I too would love to see your lesson plan template!!
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Thank you so much for sharing the "First Day Jitters" page and activity guide! I love teacher who share!

Love, love, love your blog. I would also love a copy of that lesson plan template if possible. I am going in to my second year of teaching and have not found anything that I like yet. Yours looks like it has a lot of things that I am looking for.

Thank you so much for sharing all of your ideas.

I am a new Kindergarten teacher and I love your lesson plan template. Would you mind to share it with me? Thank you so much for the great ideas!
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I love your ideas!! I am a first year teacher and would love an editable copy of your lesson plan format if it is possible! Thanks in advance,
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Inspiring designs and creative excellence, keep up the great [email protected] CV Templates

Thank you for the "First Day Jitters" writing response! I will be using this on my first day of third grade next school year. :)

Thank you for your great ideas and inspiration! I look forward to using many of these ideas this next year. Also, what is the black dot border around your lesson plans? It is super cute and I would love to find out how to get it. :)

I agree the all of the posts here. you have really created some great docs and I appreciate you sharing! Did your friend ever agree to to sharing her lesson plan document? If so, I would love to download it or you can email me at [email protected]

I am looking at your great documents and wondering if you have them in a printable (and better yet editable) format? I love what you have created.

I love your blog! I am getting ready to start my first year teaching and all of your documents are so helpful! I was wondering if you have a working document of your lesson planning. If you do and wanted to email me that I would be so thankful!

Thanks for your great blog!

Thank you so much! I've been substituting for three years and finally got my own class! First grade will go awesome, especially with your help. =)

Thanks for the great ideas & activities! I'm moving up to 1st this year so the First Day Jitters really fits. lol

I noticed this was an older post, but like most people on here I would love a copy of the lesson plan template. Thanks bunches!

Sorry I forgot an e-mail :) [email protected]

I love your blog! :) I'm a first year first grade teacher and I absolutely LOVE your lesson plan template as well as the first day activities! Do you happen to have the lesson template in an editable format?

Hello. I love your normal lesson plan format. I would like a copy so I could make a similar one for myself. Please let me know if you are willing to share. Thanks. Mrs. Ernstes
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Love your ideas! I would also like a copy of the lesson plan format:

Love your ideas!! Thank you so much! I love everything!!

I love the Hallheads Idea! Do you keep the First Day in First Grade up the whole year or is that so you can switch up work that each child does?

I would also love the lesson plan template if you don't mind!

Anna-- Love, love, LOVE your blog!! It's such a fun timr of the year to get new ideas and inspiration from others. I would also love an editable version of your partner's lesson plan template. I have been trying to create one for days and can't seem to get it the way I want it.
Thanks so much!!

Please send the following plans for days 2 and 3. love them

Thank you SO much for this. I am a first year first grade teacher and I have been agonizing over the first day! I already had "First Day Jitters" ready to read and wanted to do most of the things in your plan. I just had no idea HOW to do it! Thank you, thank you, thank you.

Thank you. So much. This is great

Thank you! This is my second year teaching first grade, and I am adding to my materials/files. I read "The Kissing Hand" and a following activity to my students on their first day of school. They enjoyed it! Thank you for sharing your ideas!

Most Popular and Famous Vehicles, Latest Speed Cars, Sports Cars Info and Pictures.

Is there a way that I can get a copy of your lesson plan template? I really like it!
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May I get a copy of your "normal" lesson plan format?
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Hi Anna, if your teammate is willing to share will you please email me a copy of the editable format for your plans??

I was reading through the comments and see that there are lots of requests for the editable lesson plan format. I wanted to let you know that it looks like she posted them with another post (day 2 and 3) here

Thanks, so much helpful information here!

I know this blog post is a couple years old. But I am going to be in my second year teaching first grade and I would love a copy of your editable "normal" lesson plan pages.

I am a new teacher and I'm looking for a great template for displaying my lesson plans. I would also love a copy of your editable "normal" lesson plan pages if possible. Thank you for posting all of this. It is very helpful and inspiring!

Thank you so much for sharing!! As my first year teaching is approaching this year, reading this blog has calmed my own anxiety for the first day. I absolutely adore your "Hallways Heads" idea and will be completing this on the first day also. Thank you again. - Mrs. C

Your awesome ideas for the first day sound so fun and have helped me with my Jitters! I love your blog and thank you so much for sharing! I would be grateful for your lesson plan template, too, please! Thank you!

Hi, I know it has been a couple of years since this post but I would love to see your "following the rules/not following the rules" smartboard activity if possible. Love your activity ideas.

If you can send me an editable lesson plan for too, I'd love it! Thanks.

would love a copy of the editable lesson plan! :)

I loved this. This will be my first time to
be a first grade teacher. I could not get the
papers to print it says there is an error. Could
you email me the pages? [email protected]

Like all the others, would you be willing to send me an online version of the lesson plan? Thanks!

Thanks for sharing your 1st day lesson plan! I hope it's not too late to get a copy of your weekly lesson plan template! Can you please email me a copy? My email address is: [email protected] Much appreciated!

Hello! I love your lesson plan format! Would you be willing to send me an editable version of your weekly lesson plan template? I would love to use it and make it fit my first grade schedule. Thank you so much for the wonderful ideas!

VOW (Veterans Opportunity to Work) to Hire Heroes Act of 2011

On November 21, 2011, President Obama signed the VOW (Veterans Opportunity to Work) to Hire Heroes Act of 2011 (Public Law 112-56). The VOW Act amends chapter 21 of title 5, United States Code (U.S.C.) by adding section 2108a, “Treatment of certain individuals as veterans, disabled veterans, and preference eligibles.” This new section requires Federal agencies to treat certain active duty service members as preference eligibles for purposes of an appointment in the competitive service, even though the service members have not been discharged or released from active duty.

Many members of the armed forces start their civilian job search prior to discharge or release from active duty and thus do not have a DD form 214 when applying for Federal jobs. The VOW Act was enacted to ensure these individuals do not lose the opportunity to be considered for Federal service (and awarded their veterans’ preference entitlements if applicable) despite not having a DD form 214 to submit along with their résumés.

This new section requires Federal agencies to treat active duty service members as veterans and preference eligibles under section 2108 when they submit a “certification” when applying for a Federal job. The “certification” is any written document from the armed forces that certifies the service member is expected to be discharged or released from active duty service in the armed forces under honorable conditions not later than 120 days after the date the certification is signed. Therefore, agencies must accept applications and consider for appointment and veterans’ preference any service member who submits a certification in lieu of a DD form 214. Prior to appointment, agencies must verify the service member is eligible for veterans’ preference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 2108, unless the service member is appointed under the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 5534a, “Dual employment and pay during terminal leave from uniformed services.”

The Office of Personnel Management is reviewing its regulations, guidance, web sites, etc., to ensure that the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 2108a are incorporated into these policy vehicles. We are attaching a Fact Sheet (Attachment A) and Frequently Asked Questions (Attachment B) on VOW for your information. These attachments will be posted on OPM’s website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact Michael J. Mahoney, Manager, Hiring Policy, at [email protected] or at 202-606-1142.

Attachment A-Fact Sheet on VOW (Veterans Opportunity to Work) To Hire Heroes Act of 2011

On November 21, 2011, President Obama signed the VOW (Veterans Opportunity to Work) To Hire Heroes Act of 2011.
The VOW amends chapter 21 of title 5, United States Code (U.S.C.) by adding section 2108a, “Treatment of certain individuals as veterans, disabled veterans, and preference eligibles.”
Section 2108a requires Federal agencies to treat active duty service members as veterans, disabled veterans, or preference eligibles for purposes of appointment in the competitive service when these service members submit a certification of expected discharge or release from active duty under honorable conditions along with their applications for Federal employment.
A certification is any written document from the armed forces that certifies the service member is expected to be discharged or released from active duty service in the armed forces under honorable conditions not later than 120 days from the date the certification is signed.
Agencies must accept, process, and consider applications for appointment from any service member who submits a certification in the same manner as they would consider other preference eligibles.
Prior to appointment, agencies must verify the veteran is eligible for veterans’ preference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 2108, unless the service member is appointed under the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 5534a, “Dual employment and pay during terminal leave from uniformed services.”

Attachment B- Frequently Asked Questions on VOW (Veterans Opportunity to Work) To Hire Heroes Act of 2011

Q. What is the VOW to Hire Heroes Act of 2011?

A. The VOW (Veterans Opportunity to Work) To Hire Heroes Act of 2011 was signed into law by President Obama on November 22, 2011. It requires Federal agencies to treat active duty service members as veterans, disabled veterans and preference eligibles for purposes of an appointment in the competitive service.

A. Many service members begin their civilian job search prior to being discharged or released from active duty service and thus do not have a DD form 214, Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty, when applying for Federal jobs. The VOW Act was enacted to ensure these individuals do not lose the opportunity to be considered for Federal service (and awarded their veterans’ preference entitlements if applicable) despite not having a DD form 214 to submit along with their résumés.

Q. What type of documentation is an active duty service member required to furnish with a job application?

A. The VOW requires the active duty service member to furnish a “certification.”

Q. What is a “certification?”

A. A “certification” is any written document from the armed forces that certifies the service member is expected to be discharged or released from active duty service in the armed forces under honorable conditions not later than 120 days after the date the certification is signed.

Q. What affect does this new provision have on how agencies process applications of eligible veterans?

A. Agencies are required to accept, process, and grant tentative veterans’ preference to those active duty service members who submit a certification along with their job application materials.

Q. Should agencies automatically award veterans’ preference to individuals eligible under the VOW Act upon receiving the veteran’s job application?

Total Lunar Eclipse of December 10

The last eclipse of 2011 is a total lunar eclipse that takes place at the Moon's descending node in eastern Taurus, four days after apogee.

The Moon's orbital trajectory takes it through the southern half of Earth's umbral shadow. Although the eclipse is not central, the total phase still lasts 51 minutes. The Moon's path through Earth's shadows as well as a map illustrating worldwide visibility of the event are shown in Figure 6. The timings of the major eclipse phases are listed below.

At the instant of greatest eclipse (14:32 UT) the Moon lies at the zenith in the Pacific Ocean near Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. The umbral eclipse magnitude peaks at 1.1061 as the Moon's centre passes 21.4 arc-minutes south of the shadow axis. The Moon's northern limb is then 6.4 arc-minutes south of the shadows axis and 33.3 arc-minutes from the umbra's edge. In contrast, the Moon's southern limb lays 36.5 arc-minutes from the shadow centre and 3.2 arc-minutes from the southern edge of the umbra. Thus, the northern half of the Moon will appear much darker than the southern half because it lies deeper in the umbra.

Since the Moon samples a large range of umbral depths during totality, its appearance will change dramatically with time. It is difficult to predict the brightness distribution in the umbra, so observers are encouraged to estimate the Danjon value at different times during totality (see Danjon Scale of Lunar Eclipse Brightness). Note that it may also be necessary to assign different Danjon values to different portions of the Moon (i.e., north vs. south).

During totality, the winter constellations are well placed for viewing so a number of bright stars can be used for magnitude comparisons. Aldebaran (mv = +0.87) is 9° to the southwest of the eclipsed Moon, while Betelgeuse (mv = +0.45) is 19° to the southeast, Pollux (mv = +1.16) is 37° east, and Capella (mv = +0.08) is 24° north.

The entire event is visible from Asia and Australia. For North Americans, the eclipse is in progress as the Moon sets with western observers favored by a larger fraction of the eclipse before moonset. Observers throughout Europe and Africa will miss the early eclipse phases because they occur before moonrise. None of the eclipse can be seen from South America or Antarctica. The NASA JavaScript Lunar Eclipse Explorer is an interactive web page that can quickly calculate the altitude of the Moon during each phase of the eclipse from any geographic location:

Table 6 lists predicted umbral immersion and emersion times for 20 well-defined lunar craters. The timing of craters is useful in determining the atmospheric enlargement of Earth's shadow (see Crater Timings During Lunar Eclipses).

The December 10 total lunar eclipse is the 23rd member of Saros 135, a series of 71 eclipses occurring in the following order: 9 penumbral, 10 partial, 23 total, 7 partial, and 22 penumbral lunar eclipses. Complete details for Saros 135 can be found at:

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